Parnassos with highest elevation 2,457m at the Liakoura peak is one of the tallest mountains in Greece. On the northwest it is connected to mount Giona and on the south to mount Dirfi.
According to Greek mythology, it took its name from a hero called Parnassos, who had built a town on the mountain. Zeus decided to destroy the corrupted human gender with the flood of Defkalion and the town was destroyed. The residents of the town followed the wolves’ howls and went further up the mountain to be saved from the flood. There, they built a new town they named Lykoria, which is now called Arachova, and its name means “wolves’ howls”.
On the holy ground of the mountain, the most important oracle of Ancient Greece was built, the Delphi Oracle. Delphi, still known as the “omphalos” (navel) of the earth or else the center of the world, attracts thousands of tourists from around the world.
Parnassos was always used as a rampart for the Greek ethnic groups of south Greece against the raiders from the north. The mountain had an important role in the Greek War of Independence in 1821, as very important battles between the Greeks and the Turks took place there, the battles of Alamana and Gravia, in particular.